• Pete

Highways | Merging | Passing

Updated: 1 day ago


Advantages of Highway Driving

  • Highways allow for more cars

  • Collision rates are lower

  • No cross traffic

  • Separation of opposing traffic by grass or barriers

  • No slow moving road users allowed such as bicycles or pedestrians

Highway Driving Tips

  • Remain in the right lane as much as possible.

  • Maintain a safe distance between yourself and other vehicles.

  • Check your blind spots when you change lanes on the.

Special Hazards of Highway Driving

If you're driving long distances, you may experience either one of these two phenomena.

Highway Hypnosis - occurs mainly on highways where there are few challenges or distractions.

Velocitation - this occurs when you drive at a high rate of speed. The danger comes when you exit the freeway. It will be a lot more difficult to adjust to lower speed limits.

How To Overcome Velocitation

You can prevent velocitation by looking at your speedometer frequently.


Highway Ramps

Always approach ramps and curves at the recommended speed. The yellow sign indicates the safest speed for that curve. If there is no recommended speed sign use extreme caution.


Merging Onto A Highway Safely

Shoulder Checks are essential for all drivers to learn, especially when driving on highways. They are the most important thing you will do when driving.

Never Ever Do This

  1. Make sure the vehicle in front of you maintains speed and does not slow.

  2. Gradually build up your speed in the acceleration lane.

  3. Activate your turn signal early, giving highway road users a heads-up.

  4. Begin checking your mirrors and blind spots by shoulder checking, this is absolutely critical.


  6. Now interpret what the other road users are doing and adjust to match their speed.

  7. Merge onto the highway as though you are a skipper that is jumping in for their turn on a jump rope and don’t break the flow.

From the O.G. – How To Merge The SAFE Way Onto The Highway

When leaving the highway, signal your turn well in advance, and without slowing down, then enter the exit lane. Slow down and proceed at the posted ramp speed. Most exit ramps are to the right.

Never Ever Do This

How To Merge On The Highway Like A Boss!

How To Drive On The Highway

Driving below the posted speed limit in ideal conditions can be dangerous. Studies show that a vehicle moving at a speed considerably below the posted limit is much more likely to cause or be involved in a crash. Driving slowly is especially dangerous just beyond the crest of a hill or around a curve.

Left lane losers vs POLICE officer review on making US highways dangerous

Staying centered in your lane

Following Distances

From the O.G. – How To Set A Safe Following Distance

Move Over law

When and emergency vehicle has its lights on while on the side of the highway, slow to 60 km/hr and change to the next lane if it is safe to do so. If you can’t change lanes, just slow down that much more.

Motor vehicle crash and collision

This crash happened in 2017 on Highway 102 at Exit 2. Halifax Police were on a scene investigating a fatal crash when a pickup truck came flying down the highway, past the stopped line of cars and obliterated a police motorcycle. The officer jumped over the median to avoid the truck.

If you can't move over then slow down - MVA on hwy 111 in Dartmouth

When an emergency vehicle is moving we have to yield to it

Emergency vehicles like ambulances, fire trucks and police vehicles using flashing lights and sirens have the right of way. When one of these vehicles approaches you from ahead or behind with its lights flashing, move to the right edge of the road and stop.

Emergency Vehicles and the Rules of the Road

How different countries react to: Ambulance Sirens

How swedes react to emergency vehicles

What does rubbernecking mean?

Rubbernecking - or slowing down to look at an accident on the side of the road is a major cause of traffic jams. Emergency vehicle lights are designed to get your attention. It’s okay to look around when you see them but remember, quick glances only, then return your eyes to what’s in front of you.

Accident on highway 102 in Halifax

The last car in the stopped line of traffic gets rear ended in this video. If you are ever the last car in a line, always watch your rear view mirror to check for vehicles approaching quickly from behind. Leave extra distance between you and the car in front of you. If you get rear ended the extra space will allow your car to slide instead of being pushed into the vehicle in front of you.

Rubbernecking Accident - 2 separate crashes on Highway 102

The first crash happened on the outbound lanes of Highway 102 near the Kearney Lake exit. A motorcyclist was thrown from his bike. The second crash happened less than 30 minutes later due to rubberneckers in the opposite lanes. The entire highway had to be closed.



Before passing a vehicle on the highway, consider:

  • Is there a passing lane coming up in the next few kilometers?

  • Does my vehicle have the power to pass fairly quickly?

  • Is someone behind me already passing too?

  • Don’t accelerate into the vehicle you are passing.

  • Do you have a clear line of sight?

Look closely at the below video. At first you would think that this is a reckless driver, but look closer. They begin to pass with a broken line then the broken line ends as we approach a curve. The driver is clearly not familiar with the area. These are the things that will get you on the highway, and sometimes these hazards are hard to see coming ahead of time. A good habit is to never pass at night on a single lane highway or road.

Highway 103 Near Miss

Proper Driving

When a vehicle passes you, take your foot off the accelerator to assist them with completing the pass. This ensures the safety of the other motorist as well as yours.

Highway 104 near miss

Passing Video


Shoulder Checks

The one thing new drivers fear most is shoulder checks, because they involve turning your head while holding the wheel in its current position while moving forward, which is not natural for your brain. Make sure to only turn your head, not your whole body, and avoid turning the steering wheel in the direction of your shoulder check.

How To Change Lanes And Shoulder Check

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